Wing Chun Concepts
Invented by a woman, Wing Chun Kung Fu assumes that an opponent will be bigger and stronger than you. Therefore, Wing Chun emphasizes fast and strong structure over physical strength and speed. Further, instead of focusing on individual techniques (though these need to be practiced), Wing Chun is more concerned with following principles that work at all ranges of combat in varying situations. Many can be also applied to everyday life.
Passing from the top of the head to the base of the groin, the center line serves as the foundation of Wing Chun combat theory. Given the number of vital points along that line, the practitioner must concentrate on attacking his opponent’s center line while defending his own. An awareness of the center line is developed in all stages of training.
Economy of motion
Rather than waste energy on flashy techniques with fancier names, Wing Chun embraces simplicity and efficiency. In all aspects of training, the student seeks the simplest and most cost-effective way to attack his opponent’s center line.
Covering instead of Blocking
While many martial arts teach a student to block against specific attacks, the Wing Chun exponent learns to cover his open areas through body positioning and hand movements. Although you may not know what attack your opponent will launch, you can position yourself in a way to limit his choices, and move your hands to stop whatever comes in. Instead of answering A, B, or C to a multiple choice question which has not yet been asked, the practitioner is choosing D, « all of the above. »
Simultaneous Attack and Defense
Wing Chun focuses on combining a defensive movement with an offensive movement, or using offensive techniques that provide defense. In this way, Wing Chun is structurally faster that those styles that teach one to defend first, then attack. Drills and sticky hands help the student improve this skill.
The hand is truly faster than the eye. Further, your eyes can deceive you. In Wing Chun, the student develops tactile sensitivity in the arms, allowing him to feel his opponent’s openings and sense oncoming attacks. Thus, upon arm contact with an adversary (forming what is known as a bridge), the Wing Chun exponent can react immediately to any move his rival makes– instead of first perceiving the movement, ascertaining what it is, deciding upon a reaction, and finally moving. Contact reflexes are developed through constant sticky hands practice.
Sifu Lo Man Kam says, « Hitting someone is easy. Not getting hit is hard. » A Wing Chun practitioner is sometimes able to control both of his opponent’s hands with just one of his own, leaving a free hand to attack. This particular technique is known as a trap. Sticky hands is the best way to refine trapping skills.